Home to one of the highest and most active volcanoes in the world, it is this which draws the majority of visitors to Cotopaxi National Park. Many opt to do the Cotopaxi volcano hike, either as part of a group tour or independently from Latacunga. Most trips will take you up to the glacier, however, with a specialised mountain guide, it is possible to reach the summit.
As well as the volcano, Laguna Limpiopungo is another popular attraction within the park. This lake provides a wonderful location for wildlife viewing and there is the chance of spotting hummingbirds, wild rabbits and nesting Andean gulls.
High season is from January through to May, however, the latter two months can be quite rainy. No matter what time of the year you plan to visit, always make sure to come prepared for all weather conditions.
- Landmass: 333.9km²
- Entrance fee: Free
- Best time to visit: January-March
How to get to Cotopaxi National Park
Located just a short trip from Ecuador’s capital Quito, Cotopaxi National Park is the ideal destination for a day trip. Hike and bike day trips to Cotopaxi Volcano can be arranged from Quito or you can hop on a bus to Latacunga and then transfer to another bus to reach the park.
You can take the public bus from Quito’s Quitumbe bus station in the south of the city to Latacunga and from there get the bus to the park. It is recommended to ask the driver to tell you when you have to get off.
The easier and more comfortable way is the car. It takes approximately three hours from Quito. You can either rent a car (make sure it is a 4-wheel-drive) or hire a driver.
The most convenient way to get to Cotopaxi National Park is to join an arranged tour which usually includes transportation and guides, sometimes even meals.
A great opportunity to combine two amazing sights, the Cotopaxi National Park and Quilotoa, is this 2-days trip* from Quito. The first day is a full Cotopaxi experience and day two leads you beautiful Quilotoa crater lake with a stop at the canyon Rio Toachi.
Activities to engage at Cotopaxi National Park
- Hike the Laguna Limpiopungo
The Laguna is located pretty close to the entrance gate of the National Park. You cannot miss the parking lot with the lagoon behind it and the hiking trail starting off right at the lagoon. It is an easy 1.5 hours hike on a mainly flat trail with beautiful views, nesting Andean Gulls and lots of Hummingbirds. From the lagoon, you might have a breathtaking view of the Cotopaxi with a great reflection in the water. It’s a top photo spot of the volcano – if you’re lucky with the weather.
- Walk to Jose F. Rivas Refuge
If you want more than just a flat trail, walk up to Jose Rivas Refuge. The hut is located on an altitude of 4500 meters and it is the starting point for Cotopaxi summit mountaineers. The best is to choose a clear day and take time for the hike. The height is challenging and I recommend you to not do this walk before you had some days of acclimatization. Otherwise, you risk altitude sickness and for sure you won’t have a blast if you’re struggling on your hike.
- Horseback riding
Cotopaxi National Park is home of hundreds of wild horses. If you’re into horses you might fancy an afternoon with a guided horseback riding tour to discover the national park. Tambopaxi Lodge is offering tours between one and even 8 hours if you’re into riding up Sincholagua mountain. Book your tour 1 day in advance and do not forget to bring warm clothes. The weather is always quite unpredictable there.
- Bike tour
Biking on 3500 meters altitude is not your thing? I totally understand. But hey, there are e-bikes to rent. Wouldn’t it be great to discover the park by bike? Not being dependent on 4 wheels, but being able to reach spots you probably wouldn’t reach otherwise? Sounds cool? Biketourecuador* offers different packages for your adventure.
- Climbing Cotopaxi
Imagine standing on nearly 6000 meters above sea level with a view over you’ve never seen before. You think it is not possible? Well, I’d say it is. Preparation and acclimatization is one thing and it is definitely key to success. However, not minor important is the guide who makes sure that you are safe all the way up and down and who takes care of your personal well being. The guide (1 guide for max 2 guests) is the most important person during these hours of your life. He recognizes when you’re struggling and he’s the one who decides to return in case he thinks you won’t make it to the summit.
There are tons of tour operators in Ecuador offering summit tours. Not all of them pay their guides rates that are considered to be fair. Andean Summit Adventure is an agency offering quality, experience and on top of that their guides are paid well. Jaime, the head of tour guides has been a mountain guide for more than 20 years, he’s been climbing Cotopaxi for hundreds of times and most importantly he is certified internationally (IFMGA). Andean Summit Adventure’s approach is to acclimatize you a couple of days first before you have your big day. The height in Ecuador is one of the most underrated facts and accordingly the people who have not started slowly are most likely to fail in reaching the summit of a 5000-meter mountain. Have I climbed Cotopaxi? Unfortunately, I haven’t. But I can recommend Andean Summit Adventure because the founder, Elisabeth, has been one of my best friends for many years. She moved to Ecuador a couple of years ago and founded the agency after falling in love with Jaime. Their success rate for first-timers is at 65%.
Where to sleep in Cotopaxi National Park
In order to have the full Cotopaxi National Park experience, I recommend staying a night or two in the Tambobaxi Lodge right by the foot of the volcano. The Lodge offers cosy rooms with private bathrooms and an oven. The food – especially the potato soup with avocado and cheese (jeez, it was so damn good!) – is fantastic and the staff is super nice. Electricity is switched off between 11pm and 5am. Don’t rely on charging your devices overnight and no electricity also means no wifi – but a comfortable bed and a great night sleep instead. From the lodge, you’ve got a great view of the volcano. If you’re not too tired (I definitely was), you should try and get a starry sky photo from the lodge.
Things to know about Cotopaxi National Park
Cotopaxi is an active volcano. Its last eruption was from August 2015 to January 2016 and it was closed for visitors until October 2017. Cotopaxi is one of the best-monitored volcanoes in South America so you do not have to worry about your safety. However, no system can predict an eruption, that’s why the National Park authorities have issued clear guidelines and instructions in case of an emergency. You will find evacuation route signs everywhere within the park. Read the safety instructions when you register at the park entrance and make sure to take water, glasses and a hat with you. Stay within the permitted areas only. In the unlikely event of an ash fall, cover your face with clothing and follow the evacuation route. Bear in mind that you won’t have cell reception in most areas of the park.
The rules change daily. There is no official statement about whether you need a guide or not. Some tourists are able to visit the park with a taxi, some are denied. In order to avoid unwanted surprises, it is recommended to visit the park within a guided tour or get the latest information at the park entrance and hire a local guide there in case you cannot enter without.
When should I visit Cotopaxi?
The best time to visit would probably be from June to September. In these months, you won’t see too much rain and temperatures range from 9°C-20°C (49°F-68°F). Humidity is around 70% and it generally only rains for around 11 days in the month.
This weather means that you should have a clear view of the volcano and you aren’t likely to be too cold or too hot. Great hiking weather!
If you plan to hike, you should bring some warm gloves and a warm jacket as it gets colder the higher you go on the volcano. If you forget to bring some with you, you can find them in Quito before you head out to Cotopaxi.
We can’t guarantee volcano visibility, but you are most likely to see it in the early morning to early afternoon. The later it gets, the more fog and cloud can cover the volcano’s snow-capped summit.